Industrial automation deals primarily with the automation of manufacturing, quality control and material handling processes. General purpose controllers for industrial processes include: Programmable logic controllers, stand-alone I/O modules, and computers. The main AIM of Industrial automation is to replace the decision making of humans and manual command-response activities with the use of mechanized equipment and logical programming commands. One trend is, the increased use of Machine vision to provide automatic inspection and robot guidance functions, another is the continuing increase in the use of robots. Industrial automation is simply done at the industrial level.
Industrial robot is a manipulator designed to move materials, parts and tools, and perform a variety of programmed tasks in manufacturing and production settings. Industrial robots are reshaping the manufacturing industry. They are often used to perform duties that are dangerous or unsuitable for human workers. Ideal for situations that require high output and no errors, the industrial robot is becoming a common fixture in factories. The industrial robot is a good fit for many applications. It is most often used for arc welding, material handling, and assembly applications. They are grouped according to number of axes, structure type, size of work envelope, payload capability, and speed. A robot controller provides the interface for programming and operating the industrial robot. A device called a teach pendant is used to plot the motions needed to perform the application.